The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, in collaboration with the University of Leuven and the Université Libre de Bruxelles, have organized an international symposium on the role of paper in European avant-garde art during the first half of the 20th century. 

A wide variety of historical or classic avant-garde artists turned to paper during the first half of the 20th century. Whereas this turn to paper has received quite some attention in the study of Cubism (collage), Expressionism (woodcut), and Dada (photomontage), to date we lack a proper understanding of the many ways in which avant-gardists employed paper and to what aims. This colloquium aimed to tackle this issue by revisiting, and perhaps revising our view of, more canonized movements and by broadening the geographical scope that comes to include avant-garde movements, works and practices from the North, South, Centre and East of Europe.